CHINA SOUTH NORTH WATER TRANSFER PROJECTAdd to Lightbox
Villagers of Cangfang town burn paper money in their last visit to the ancestral tomb before relocation to neighbouring Hui county to make way for the colossal South-to-North Water Transfer project in Xichuan county of Henan Province in China on 28 June 2010. The central route, which will raise the height of the Danjiangkou reservoir dam from 162 meters to 176.6 meters, requires the relocation of 330,000 people in Henan and Hubei provinces. Xichuan, a remote, mountainous region inaccessible by railway, is home to 162,000 would-be SNWD migrants, the most anywhere. The South-to-North Water Transfer project, the largest known water diversion project, was conceived in 1952 to solve the country's chronic water shortages and involves creating three routes to channel 44.8 billion cu m of water from southern China to the northern areas. As part of the project's central route, affecting Henan and Hubei provinces, water from the Danjiangkou reservoir will be diverted to Beijing. Parts of Xichuan county, a remote, mountainous region inaccessible by railway and home to 162,000 migrants, the most anywhere, will be completely submerged by water from the Danjiangkou reservoir by 2014. The vast resettlement of affected residents in Xichuan county began in August 2009 and lasted till 2011.
- Hwee Young How
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